Here are some quotes by Confucius:
To put the world in order, we must first put the nation in order; to put the nation in order, we must put the family in order; to put the family in order, we must cultivate our personal life; and to cultivate our personal life, we must first set our hearts right.*
*Is “setting our hearts right” a reference to chastity/brahmacharya?
In a country well governed, poverty is something to be ashamed of. In a country badly governed, wealth is something to be ashamed of.
The strength of a nation derives from the integrity of the home.
The father who does not teach his son his duties is equally guilty with the son who neglects them.
Do not worry about holding high position; worry rather about playing your proper role.
Think no vice so small that you may commit it, and no virtue so small that you may over look it.
If you think in terms of a year, plant a seed; if in terms of ten years, plant trees; if in terms of 100 years, teach the people.
Silence is the true friend that never betrays.
A youth is to be regarded with respect. How do you know that his future will not be equal to our present?
Heaven means to be one with God.
Wealth and rank are what people desire, but unless they are obtained in the right way they may not be possessed.
It is better to live in peace than in bitterness and strife.
When anger rises, think of the consequences.
The Teacher said, “He who loves his parents does not dare to do evil unto others; he who respects his parents does not dare to be arrogant to others. Love and respect are exerted to the utmost in serving the parents, and this virtue and teaching is extended to the people; the example is shown to the whole world beyond China. That is the xiao of the Son of Heaven. The book Fu on Law says, ‘One person has cause to celebrate; the multitudes rely on that.’
Loyalty was also an extension of one’s duties to friends, family, and spouse. Loyalty to one’s family came first, then to one’s spouse, then to one’s ruler, and lastly to one’s friends. Loyalty was considered one of the greater human virtues.
The Five Bonds
- Ruler to Ruled
- Father to Son
- Husband to Wife
- Elder Brother to Younger Brother
- Friend to Friend
While juniors are considered in Confucianism to owe their seniors reverence, seniors also have duties of benevolence and concern toward juniors.
The term jūnzǐ (Chinese: 君子; literally “lord’s child”) is crucial to classical Confucianism. Confucianism exhorts all people to strive for the ideal of a “gentleman” or “perfect man”. A succinct description of the “perfect man” is one who “combines the qualities of saint, scholar, and gentleman.” In modern times the masculine translation in English is also traditional and is still frequently used. Elitism was bound up with the concept, and gentlemen were expected to act as moral guides to the rest of society.
They were to:
- cultivate themselves morally;
- show filial piety and loyalty where these are due;
- cultivate humanity, or benevolence.
A ruler should be benevolent, a subject loyal; a father loving, a son reverential and obedient; an elder brother gentle, a younger brother respectful; a husband good, a wife attentive; an elder friend considerate, a younger friend deferential. You are never alone when you act. Every action affects someone else.
Confucianism is a ideology that helps to strengthen the proletariat and hence marxists should support confucianism and not oppose it. Confucianism is designed to help strengthen families thus it is a friend of the proletariat and hence it is a friend of marxism.